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China s chip industry imports $about 200000000000 super oil

Our chip market was the monopoly of the developed countries

Editor s note: the semiconductor industry is the strategic industry of information security, the national economy is extremely important. Reporter recently research found that, compared with the huge demand in the domestic market, the domestic semiconductor chip size is still small, most chip China needs to import from the United States and Europe, information safe huge potential. The semiconductor industry is facing and the lack of core technologies, independent innovation, weakness, talent shortage, financing bottleneck. "Economic Reference News" today launched on information security, the development of domestic information industry, to alleviate the difficulties, to defend the national information security strategy research.

Integrated circuit, commonly known as "chip" is widely used in computer, mobile phone, water, electricity and other public facilities and military equipment, has become the lifeline of economic development and national security. However, most chip China needs to import from the United States and europe. People in the industry worry, the foreign monopoly chip not only directly impede China s industrial development, and chip manufacturers have to steal confidential data and public information by the chip panel program Trojan horse, a threat to national security, should cause enough attention.

Chip into the first of the great import commodity information industry develop slowly

The scale of global semiconductor market at $320000000000, 54% of the world s chips are exported to China, but domestic chip market share accounted for only 10%. 77% of the global mobile phone is Chinese manufacturing, but not to the mobile phone chip 3% is domestic. China s chip industry has long been foreign companies control, not only the annual import costs about 200000000000 dollars, more than the oil and commodities, is the first major import commodities. Moreover, technology and equipment of heteronomy directly restricts the development of China s information industry.

The chip is known as the national "industrial food", all the equipment "heart", is widely used in computer, consumer electronics, network communications, automotive electronics and field, almost "be a life-and-death matter plays the role of". But China s chip industry has long been foreign companies control, not only the annual import costs about 200000000000 dollars, more than the oil and commodities, is the first major import commodities. Moreover, technology and equipment of heteronomy directly restricts the development of China s information industry.

Research data show that the value of a dollar, the chip industry, information industry can drive the output value of $10 and $100 gross domestic product (G D P). Countries around the world will chip as the national strategic industry to grasp, the developed countries in Europe, Japan and other America, through a large number of investment in research and development to ensure that the leading technology, South Korea, Singapore and China s Taiwan region through active industrial policy of integrated circuit industry has achieved rapid development.

At present, many countries in the world are vying for Chinese chip market, or will make Chinese chip facing a "crowning calamity". Li Ping, deputy general manager of Wuhan Xinxin Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation said, the scale of global semiconductor market at $320000000000, 54% of the world s chips are exported to China, but domestic chip market share accounted for only 10%. 77% of the global mobile phone is Chinese manufacturing, but not to the mobile phone chip 3% is domestic.

"A long time without core countries, only a passive choice of the global industrial chain lower position." Li Ping said, the domestic business of manufacturing chip is generally "silly big black thick", but the cost is not down. It is due to the lack of chip production, design capacity, resulting in all over the domestic chip devices, there is a "foreign core". Future China Company if not establish their own industrial core technology system, lost not only economic benefits, industrial safety will not guarantee.

China s chip industry has been slow to develop, especially in the C PU almost a blank, this means that China s electronic products, including mobile phone, computer, household appliances manufacturing, in foreign control, it is very difficult to break the monopoly of the domestic industry has been formed, once you ve used the "foreign core" will be the formation of long-term dependence on in the computer, the Internet, and the Internet of things will be behind.

Infrastructure can be implanted virus public information security threat

In the relationship between the beneficial to the people s livelihood of public infrastructure, is widely used in China, foreign chip. The expert points out, foreign chip manufacturers may through the chip panel an application embedded trojan to steal business data or confidential, also can pass viruses, malicious software to control the control system, the safety accident caused by.

In the oil and gas, transportation, electricity, sewage treatment, pharmaceutical, chemical, mining and other relationship beneficial to the people s livelihood of public infrastructure, the chip is everywhere. But in this respect, our use of chip chip mostly by foreign monopoly, coupled with the lack of related technology for monitoring, management of equipment, easily lead to a lot of potential safety problems.

"The key to control the data may have been tampered with or loss, environmental disaster, casualties, and even endanger the public life and national security." Wuhan National optoelectronic laboratory professor Miu Xiangshui said, foreign chip manufacturers may be through the chip panel in an application embedded trojan to steal business data or confidential, also can pass viruses, malicious software to control the plant control system, lead to plant shutdown, the occurrence of safety accidents.

Most lets the public impression is profound, most software the use Microsoft system, may suffer Microsoft system vulnerability to hazards or control at any time. Said semiconductor Godfather Ni Guangnan, both hardware and software, we use the core technology structure of the information platform in foreign countries, the equivalent of the desert to build the house, they withdraw, nothing we can do, many systems Chinese will collapse, should attach to. "The virtual world in the whole Internet, it seems like everyone is equal, but to the core system of the company, to grasp all the user data; when he needed to, can call your data at any time."

In January 21st this year, China s general top root name servers resolve abnormal, affect the domestic 2/3 website operation. In recent years, the emergence of a series of network and information security incident, the former political commissar Xu Yitian of National University of Defense Technology points out, most of the current use of information network system in our country is foreign products. "Heteronomy in core devices, high-end chip, basic software, is a serious security risk."

On the other hand, government, financial and other finance and civil affairs, public security and other fields are widely used chip, also left a huge security. IC card has been in all aspects of the national economy has a wide range of applications, such as social security card, residents health card, bus card etc.. Li Ping points out, the national information security infrastructure construction cannot be built on imported chip products, security chip to independent research and development to provide a reliable guarantee of information security in china.

Imported chips or a "back door" national security can not be ignored

Our chip imports often "open", without setting any threshold, even allowing foreign direct sales company, leaving significant risks to national security. Foreign countries can monitor the worldwide information products, or install "plug-in" left "back door" in key components of large-scale chip, start by special means, all the data back to the processing chip, the control chip to perform specific tasks.

Because the chip and national interests closely linked, many countries have long consciously take measures to forestall the chip industry, strict control of the export, prevent the development of foreign national defense. Wuhan Gaode infrared (17.52,1.06,6.44%) Limited by Share Ltd chairman Huang Li told reporters, for China imported chip, need layers of approval, there are limits on the amount and additional clauses, such as no chip used in the manufacture of military, civilian products only manufacturing. Some countries even more demanding, only sell equipment, not to sell the chip.

In contrast, China s chip imports is "open", without setting any threshold, even allowing foreign companies to direct sales, direct control of each machine information, leave a great hidden danger to the national security. Base of national integrated circuit talent (Wuhan) director Zou Xuecheng said, USA mainly through N SA (National Security Council) strict control of information industry, whose task is to monitor the information products are sold worldwide, or install "plug-in" in the critical mass chip piece, start by special means, various the data back to the processing chip, the control chip to perform specific tasks.

In 2003, a computer chip control network of nuclear power plant in Ohio USA was "SQ L Server worm infection," the safety monitoring system down nearly 5 hours; in 2008, the national security agency in USA a generator control system chip is attacked by physical damage. In 2010 July, the German experts found the world s first specifically for industrial control system on chip destructive virus, Iran, Indonesia, India and other countries are USA attack.

National security threats like also exists in our country. The Chinese Academy of Sciences "Hundred Talents Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, semiconductor research institute researcher Wu Nanjian said, from a military point of view, the most worried about is the national security issues. If the chip is implanted in the "back door", any country once the fight with suppliers America, America can destroy the country s national security by the chip system.

"This is not an alarmist." Zou Xuecheng said, with the advent of new technology of cloud computing, Internet of things, the national information security issues are also increasingly prominent. Particular solutions for the mainstream smart mobile phone is high, Broadcom chip manufacturers, great safety hidden trouble left. "The most worrying is that, in terms of technology today, it is almost impossible to eliminate all back door will be a piece of chip may be placed all."

"Information network products in China, especially the desktop operating system, compared with foreign products lack competitiveness. The state should be the policy level to increase domestic operating system development, promotion." Xu Yitian suggested, the key departments, key industries, the legislation should be clear requirements for the whole system using the homemade software and hardware. At the same time, to seize the development of intelligent terminal and mobile communication opportunities, grasp the core technology chip operating system and mobile Internet era ahead, from the following to the overall breakthrough leading